What is e-learning?
e-Learning is now very much part of mainstream health professions education. Students and practitioners are very familiar with using computers and mobile technologies as part of their day-to-day life, in healthcare management and in education. In this article, we refer to e-learning as electronically mediated learning in a digital format (using technologies such as computers, tablet or mobile devices and the internet) to enhance or facilitate teaching and learning (Bullen, 2006). This definition covers the use of technologies to supplement face-to-face teaching (e.g. via a virtual learning environment [VLE] such as BlackBoard™) through to distance learning (DL) opportunities in which teacher and student may never meet face-to-face. Examples of the latter include the British Medical Journal (BMJ) Learning (Walsh and Dillner, 2003) or MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses, see section ‘Modes of Learning’).
Ellaway and Masters (2008) distinguish between e-learning, e-teaching and e-assessment, highlighting that e-learning is not just about the content and the delivery of teaching, but is a pedagogical approach that aims ‘to be flexible, engaging and learner-centred: one that encourages interaction (staff:staff, staff:student, student:student), collaboration and communication’.
What are the key challenges in introducing e-learning?
a) for you?
b) for the organisation(s) in which you work?
Although huge opportunities exist to enhance all aspects of teaching through e-learning, there are challenges in determining pedagogical aspects. Teachers will need to be familiar with the range of innovations available so that they can select appropriate means of developing content, facilitating the process of learning and enabling communication. Other challenges include becoming familiar with new systems, processes and online environments; making time to filter through and select appropriate materials; having time to support learners as they utilise e-learning; and keeping materials and activities up to date.