One of the most important principles of good teaching is the need for planning. It provides a structure and context for teacher and students, and helps set the framework for reflection, additional activities and evaluation.
It can be helpful to devise a lesson plan for each teaching session; this may be very detailed or a simple broad-brush plan, but before any session, you should:
- define your aims and learning outcomes
- decide a structure for the session and timing of activities (build in time to ask the learners about their specific needs and a review at the end)
- decide on the best teaching and learning methods to achieve the learning outcome
- list content and key topics, and research more if needed
- identify learning resources and any support materials
- finalise any linked assessment, evaluation or follow-up reading.
See the Lesson Plan from the Teachers’ Toolkit.
Jacques defines three steps in planning the structure of a small discussion group: